Hungarian is the Western- most branch of the Uralic and Finno-Ugrian languages. It is principally spoken in the Carpathian Basin as the mother tongue of 10 million people in Hungary and by about 4 million people beyond the boundaries of Hungary in Slovakia, Austria, Romania, Ukraine, Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia. When King Stephen (1000-1038 AD) converted the Magyar people to Catholicism, records in runic writing were destroyed and the Latin script established. The oldest written record in Hungarian is a fragment in the Establishing charter of the Abbey of Tihany (1055). The Hungarian language reform in the first half of the nineteenth century enlarged the vocabulary, reformed the spelling and raised the language as the official language of Hungary in 1844. Now it is one of the twenty four official languages of the European Union.

Hungary became a member of the European Union on May 1, 2004 after the Round-Table discussions in 1989 and after it adopted the trade policy requirements, regulations and conventions of the EU. Hungary has now a liberal democracy with a powerful, critical media and with a multi-party system.

Hungary is famous for its composers : Franz Liszt, Béla Bartók and Zoltán Kodály, its philosphers: Georg Lukács, Ágnes Heller and György Márkus and its film directors: Zoltán Fábri, Miklós Jancsó, Béla Tarr and Márta Mészáros. The founder of Indian modernism, Amrita Shergil was half Hungarian. She was born in Budapest in 1913 and spent several years in Hungary. Hungary has a rich tradition of prose and poetry, and a number of works, the poems of Sándor Petőfi, Endre Ady, Attila József, János Pilinszky, Gábor Garai, Ferenc Juhász and János Háy, novels and short stories by Kálmán Mikszáth, Zsigmond Móricz, Dezső Kosztolányi, Sándor Márai, Péter Esterházy and Margit Kaffka have been translated into Hindi and English. The works of Imre Kertész (Nobel Prize Winner 2002) are also available in Hindi and English. The Balassi Institute in Budapest and in New Delhi supports the work of the Department with concerts, film shows and lectures on various fields of Hungarian literature, history, and culture.

The Hungarian language was introduced in the University of Delhi in 1969. Studying the Hungarian courses offers students an opportunity to go to Hungary for long term courses in the Hungarian language and post-graduate studies in other subjects.

Scope : Students of Hungarian language in Delhi University can pursue their research in the Departments of Comparative Study in Hungarian and Indian can languages and literatures, or Hungarian and Russian literature, work as tourist guides, or as language experts with various firms and companies for example Genpact or Oracle.



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Scholarships are offered under the UGC/CEP programme to the students of Hungarian language to study in Hungary and attend summer seminars in Hungary.