Czech language is one of the most important Western Slav Languages. It belongs to the family of Indo-European languages and is one of the most important languages of Slavonic group of languages. Czech is the official language of the Czech Republic. About 12 million people in Czech Republic use Czech as their native language. Prague is also known as “ the Heart of Europe”.

Czech has been influenced by a number of languages, especially Old Church Slavonic (introduced into the area by Constantine and Methodius in the 9th century), Latin (once the Pan-European language of learning), and German (the language of numerous colonists, as well as the main language of the Habsburg empire). From the 14th century on, Czech has been the language of a continuous stream of literary production, although - as a consequence of the defeat of the Protestant Czech Forces and the integration of the Czech provinces into the Habsburg Empire - for the most part of the 18th century the Czech language was used rather infrequently for higher literary purposes. The language has been recorded, described, and analyzed in a number of grammars (the first grammar dating from 1533) and dictionaries (with the first dictionaries, written in verse, originating in the 2nd half of the 14th century). Czech Republic joined the European Union on 1 May 2004 and is also one of the 24 official languages in the European Union.

The Czech Republic was a part of Czechoslovakia before 1993. Václav Havel, the first President of the Czech Republic, was also the great poet and playwriter who was actively involved in publication of Czech samizdat literature during the censorship period. During the Velvet revolution against the communist regime 1989 his motto was: “Truth and love must prevail over lies and hatred.”

The Czech language is very rich in the field of art and culture: B. Smetana, A. Dvořák (musicians), Voskovec+Werich (theatre), M.Forman (the film director), J. A. Komenský (the Teacher of Nations), literature: J. K. Tyl, A. Jirásek, J. Seifert, J. Hašek, K. Čapek, F. Kafka, J. Škvorecký, M. Kundera, V. Havel, B. Hrabal. The Czech Republic is also famous in the world thanks to E. Škoda (cars) and T. Baťa (shoes).

Czech language was introduced in the Department of Modern European Languages, the University of Delhi in 1970s. Today, Czech language is an important constituent of the Department of Slavonic and Finno-Ugrian Studies.

Scope : Czech has entered into European Union and its Free-market economy has widened the scope of trade with India. The need for good specialists in the language will be in demand by the Czech and Indian companies.



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